Sambucus nigra is the full scientific name of the most common variety used for medicinal purposes, as well as the species on which the majority of scientific research has been conducted. Note that the numbers in parentheses (1, 2, etc.) The triterpenes alpha- and beta-amyrin, ursolic acid, oleanolic acid, betulin, betulinic acid and a variety of other minor components have been identified. Elderberry also exerts anti-inflammatory effects, reducing swelling and pain by tempering the body's immune response.2ï»¿ What are the benefits of elderberry? are clickable links to medically peer-reviewed studies. Sambucus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Adoxaceae. When polyphenols extracted from the plant were administered with renin inhibitors to rats with hypertension, they reduced arterial pressure. In addition to black elderberry, there are several other varieties available as well. If you have any other ongoing health concerns, talk with your health care provider before taking it as well. Travelers using this herb from 10 days before travel until four to five days after arrival overseas experienced, on average, a two-day shorter duration of their colds as well as a noticeable reduction in cold symptoms. Safe to Eat? The elderberry bush or elderberry tree yields the berries that are commonly used in syrups, jams and wine, among other medicinal and culinary delights. Thus, elderberries show potential as cancer-fighting foods. Health benefits of the elder plant include naturally improving sinus issues, nerve pain, inflammation, chronic fatigue, allergies, constipation and even cancer. âElderberry is thought to have neuraminidase inhibiting activity. The European version (also known as Sambucus nigra) is the one most closely tied to your health and healing. Elderberry contains flavonols and anthocyanins, which are antioxidants thought to boost the bodyâs natural immune response. Just be sure not to purchase one that has too much added sugar. Fighting colds and flu. If you’re pregnant or breastfeeding, don’t take it, as research is lacking on its effects on fetal health and development. Researchers conclude that the extract is effective in controlling influenza symptoms. Elderberries are high in dietary fiber that helps eliminate or lower constipation, weigh â¦ It may provide relief from cold and flu symptoms as well as allergies and sinus infections. However, you should not consume raw berries or other parts of the plant since they contain a cyanide-inducing chemical, which can result in diarrhea and vomiting. There is some evidence to support the claim that elderberry can help treat â¦ Does elderberry interact with medications? 30 Gluten-Free Recipes Using this antiviral herb is not recommended for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding, children, or those with autoimmune disorders. Elderberry can boost your immune system. They have a type of cyanide called glycoside. So does elderberry syrup really work? Unfortunately, however, there are currently no studies evaluating elderberry itself for constipation relief, so more research is still needed. Although there’s no one-size-fits-all remedy for illness, supporters of elderberry say the fruit is one of nature’s most versatile solutions for what ails you. The antioxidants in elderberries contribute to most of their benefits. While elderberry has become a rock star in the cold and flu-fighting universe, new evidence suggests that that elderberry was not effective in reducing the severity or duration of flu â¦ Many of elderberry's health benefits can be attributed to anthocyanin. Some researchers suspect that this compound may improve skin’s structure and condition to enhance overall skin health. The different species of Sambucus are commonly called elderberry or elder. For example, one animal model showed that giving mice with high cholesterol and HDL cholesterol dysfunction anthocyanin-rich black elderberry extract helped reduce hepatic cholesterol levels and improved HDL function. If you have an autoimmune disease, such as rheumatoid arthritis, ask your doctor before taking elderberry because it may stimulate the immune system. With elderberry’s anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, it makes sense that it can help treat sinus issues. With strict editorial sourcing guidelines, we only link to academic research institutions, reputable media sites and, when research is available, medically peer-reviewed studies. Health Benefits Modern science has corroborated many of the claims made about elderberry syrup in traditional medicine. Elderberry gets a lot of support as a healing agent through word of mouth and old wives’ tales, but its success in medical tests is less definite. One of the most well-studied elderberry syrup benefits is its powerful immune-boosting properties. The study found that an aqueous extract of elder significantly increased glucose transport, glucose oxidation and glycogenesis without any added insulin. Over the years, elderberries have become one of the most popular natural remedies for cold and flu symptoms. Some herbalists put black elder flower on the list of most effective herbs used for treating hay fever-like symptoms. It can be used for allergies on its own or in combination with other herbs and natural remedies. The berries contain chemical compounds called anthocyanidins, which are known to have immunostimulant effects. They seem to help reduce swelling, fight inflammation, and boost the immune system. Elderberries contain natural substances called flavonoids. Its history dates back as far as 400 BC, and Hippocrates, the “Father of Medicine,” called the elder tree his “medicine chest.”. Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter, Becoming a Vegetarian: Foods to Choose From, The Truth Behind the Top 10 Dietary Supplements, Natural Dietary Supplements: Facts Vs. Fad. The high antioxidant levels of the elderberry may decrease inflammation in the body when taken daily (the amount will depend on the form you're taking), which is especially helpful when your â¦ Research actually shows that elderberry extract is a safe, efficient and cost-effective treatment for cold and flu symptoms. Ripe, cooked berries from most of the Sambucus species are edible. Other reported elderberry supplement benefits â¦ What are the side effects of elderberry? And how can you use it to promote better health? Glycogenesis is the process by which excess sugar is cleared out of the bloodstream and into your muscles and liver to help maintain normal blood sugar. For this reason, the government actually employed the use of elderberry to fight the flu during the 1995 Panama flu epidemic. Using elderberry syrup for kids is not recommended unless you’ve consulted with your pediatrician. There are high-quality brands readily available for purchase, or you can find many online resources for how to make elderberry syrup to try making it at home. Elderberry gummies, elderberry wine and elderberry juice are all popular options for getting your fix of this incredible ingredient. Potential benefits of elderberry If your doctor gives the OK and you decide to take elderberry, you may experience other benefits aside from cold or flu relief. What exactly does it do? Although commercial preparations are generally safe for consumption, eating raw elderberry may cause symptoms like nausea, diarrhea and vomiting. If you currently take any of the following medications, you should talk to your health care provider before using an elderberry supplement or any other elder plant products: Read Next: 10 Holy Basil Benefits: Tulsi Helps Anxiety, Acne & More. It also contains flavonoids, which have antioxidant properties that can help prevent cell damage, and anthocyanidins, which are chemical compounds that are known to have immune-boosting properties. Its content of bioflavonoids, antioxidants and vitamin A makes it awesome for skin health. People with immune problems might have reactions to elderberry. Most elderberry syrup recipe options out there involve simmering elderberries with a bit of water and a variety of other healing herbs for 45 minutes to an hour. A diuretic is a substance that promotes the production of urine. This article is based on scientific evidence, written by experts and fact checked by our trained editorial staff. Then you can try elderberry juice, which is sweet, tart and refreshing. Elderberry is native to Europe, Africa and parts of Asia, but it’s become common in the U.S. Here’s what you need to know, including its many benefits. are clickable links to these studies. Elderberries are rich in dietary fiber that helps eliminate or lower constipation, cut â¦ There’s evidence that the elderberry plant may have been cultivated by prehistoric man. However, most historians typically trace its healing abilities back to Hippocrates, the ancient Greek known as the “father of medicine,” who described the plant as his “medicine chest” because of the wide array of health concerns it seemed to cure. According to USDA National Nutrient Database, Elderberries are packed with nutrients including minerals like iron, potassium, phosphorus, and copper, as well as vitamins, such as vitamin A, B, and C, as well as proteins and dietary fiber. The berries and flowers of elderberry are packed with antioxidants and vitamins that may boost your immune system. A sinus infection is a condition in which the cavities around the nasal passages become inflamed, and this antiviral herb has promise as a sinus infection natural remedy. In addition to using elderberry syrup for colds, the flowers of the elder plant are also known to be an effective herbal allergy remedy. Elderberry appears to have few side effects when used properly for short periods of time of up to five days. In folk medicine today, the elderberry is considered one of the world’s most healing plants. Elderberries are naturally high in vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin B6, iron and potassium, among several other essential nutrients. Elderberry has made its way into cosmetic products, and for good reason. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Anthocyanin is a type of natural plant pigment found in elderberry that has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Some experts recommend elderberry to help prevent and ease cold and flu symptoms. This study tested extracts of both berries to assess anticancer potential and found that both demonstrated significant chemopreventive potential. Demand for the humble Hungarian elderberry has soared this year as U.S. and Chinese buyers have snapped up supplies, attracted by the fruitâs purported health benefits as a supplement to â¦ Several studies have found benefits to support the use of elderberry syrup for flu symptoms as well. Elderberry Benefits Elderberry has a rich tradition as well as a number of uses. Still, many doctors say it’s safe to take elderberry as part of a healthy diet plan that includes foods with vitamin B, vitamin B6, and vitamin E. Elderberries are high in vitamin C (52.2 milligrams per cup) and dietary fiber (10.2 grams per cup). The plantâs flowers and leaves have been used to reduce swelling and inflammation and offer pain relief. Elder is commonly found growing in woodlands and hedgerows. & detox juicing guide. 100 grams of fresh â¦ Potential Risks and Side Effects, Journal of International Medical Research, 10 Holy Basil Benefits: Tulsi Helps Anxiety, Acne & More, Apple Cider Vinegar Benefits and Uses (30!). Elderberry â¦ It is available at many local health stores and online retailers and can be purchased in a variety of different forms. When used within the first 48 hours of onset of symptoms, the extract may even help relieve and shorten the duration of cold and flu symptoms as well. Not only that, but researchers also suspect that a compound found in the berry could give a natural boost to skin. Cooked elderberries are used for making wine and tea, and also pies, jellies, and jams. Treats Upper Respiratory Conditions. They could help tame inflammation, lessen stress, and help protect your heart, too. Papain: Beneficial Enzyme or Commercial Fad? 4 vitamins that boost your immune system and how to get enough in your diet. One cup of elderberries also has: Elderberry is an antioxidant, and researchers think the compound that makes it blue lowers inflammation. â¦ Some of the most common include: European elder flowers contain approximately 0.3 percent of an essential oil composed of free fatty acids and alkanes. Elderberry is a type of plant that is cultivated for its medicinal properties and used to treat a variety of conditions. The berries also improve skin and hair health. The health benefits of this tea are mainly derived from the rich concentrations of anthocyanins, quercetin, cinnamic acid, flavonoids, triterpenoidsâ¦ Detox Your Liver: Try My 6-Step Liver Cleanse, MCT Oil Health Benefits, Dosage Recommendations and Recipes, Bone Broth Benefits for Digestion, Arthritis and Cellulite, Chia Seeds Benefits: The Omega-3, Protein-Packed Superfood, 9 Proven Black Seed Oil Benefits that Boost Your Health, Top 15 Potassium-Rich Foods to Start Eating Today, Are Oats Gluten-Free? Aid Digestion. Since allergies involve an overreaction of the immune system as well as inflammation, the herb’s ability to improve immune function and calm inflammation can help provide allergy relief. It has deciduous leaves, white flowers (elderflowers) and berries that turn from green to red to black when ripe. Research has shown the ability of elderberries and their syrup â¦ It’s a deciduous tree growing up to 32 feet tall with cream-white flowers and blue-black berries. Other parts of the elder tree, including the branches, twigs, leaves, roots, and seeds, are toxic. What are elderberriesâ health benefits? By clicking Subscribe, I agree to the WebMD, Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts. Add some of the beneficial organic compounds that function as anti-inflammatory and antioxidant agents in the body, and you have one powerful berry! Just as uses for elderberry are broad, the forms it comes in are many, including syrups, gummies, lozenges, pills, and teas. There are about 30 types of elder plants and trees around the world. Note that the numbers in parentheses (1, 2, etc.) Some research suggests that elderberry tea benefits constipation and can help support regularity and digestive health. When used within the first 48 â¦ This Dr. Axe content is medically reviewed or fact checked to ensure factually accurate information. Additionally, the American elder extract showed inhibition of ornithine decarboxylase, which is an enzyme marker related to the promotion stage of cancer formation. Health.clevelandclinic.org: “Elderberry: A Natural Way to Boost Immunity During Cold and Flu Season?”, Herbalgram.org: “Health Benefits Boost Elderberry.”, Purdue.edu: “Elderberry as a Medicinal Plant”, National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health: “European Elder.”, Nutrients: “Elderberry Supplementation Reduces Cold Duration and Symptoms in Air-Travelers: A Randomized, Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial.”, Journal of Functional Foods: “Advanced research on the antioxidant and health benefit of elderberry (Sambucus nigra) in food – a review.”, Annual Review of Food Science Technology: “Anthocyanins: natural colorants with health-promoting properties.”. Here are the major benefits of elderberry for your health. Treats Diabetes. Elderberries are a low-calorie food packed with antioxidants. It’s also used in: Processed versions of elderberry are more common in the American market than the fresh fruit itself. Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.. Despite the many health benefits associated with this medicinal plant, there are several elderberry side effects to consider as well. Although not all side effects are known, elderberry â¦ The group treated with the extract showed significant improvement in most flu symptoms, while the placebo group showed no improvement in symptom severity. How Long Does Coronavirus Live On Surfaces? When it comes to colds, flu and upper respiratory issues, elderberry syrup is very popular. Not a fan of hot teas or black elderberry syrup? Elderberry fruit contains anti-virus, anti-histamine and antioxidants that are good in â¦ All rights reserved. Interestingly enough, those who took the combination did better compared to those who did not take Sinupret at all. There are no clinical studies to support any such effect though. Talk with your doctor if you’re thinking about taking elderberry. Elderberry has been used in folk medicine to treat colds and flu. Our team includes licensed nutritionists and dietitians, certified health education specialists, as well as certified strength and conditioning specialists, personal trainers and corrective exercise specialists. Edible berry extracts like elderberry extract are rich in anthocyanins and have been shown to have a broad spectrum of therapeutic, pharmacologic and anti-carcinogenic properties. Discontinue use if you have a mild allergic reaction, and seek medical attention if you have a serious allergic reaction. Elderberry fruit contains quercetin, kaempferol, rutin, and phenolic acids. They boost immunity, protect the heart, and prevent cancer. Our team aims to be not only thorough with its research, but also objective and unbiased. The Truth About Oats & Gluten, Dangers of Energy Drinks + Healthy Alternatives to Boost Alertness, 47 Terrific Leftover Turkey Recipes for After Thanksgiving, Eucalyptus Leaves Benefits, Uses & Side Effects (Plus How to Grow), Immunosuppressants, including corticosteroids (prednisone), and medications used to treat autoimmune diseases. One group was given four doses of 175-milligram proprietary elderberry extract daily, and the other group received a placebo for two days. Another study published in the Journal of International Medical Research showed that when the extract is used within the first 48 hours of the onset of flu symptoms, it can shorten the duration of flu symptoms by an average of four days. It is also known to possess chemopreventive properties. Health benefits of the elder plant include naturally improving sinus issues, nerve pain, inflammation, chronic fatigue, allergies, constipation and even cancer. The fiber in these â¦ Because of its powerful effects on health, elderberry could potentially interact with several medications. Itâs also been used as a treatment for: Constipation Joint and muscle pain Infections that affect how you breathe Headaches Fever Kidney problems Epilepsy Minor skin conditions Stress HIV and AIDS A 2009 study randomized patients into two groups. Although studies have found mixed results, some research suggests that elderberry extract may improve heart health. Furthermore, a 2017 animal study published in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences noted that elderberries can serve as a potential source of bioactive compounds for formulations used for the management of diabetes. One review of research into other benefits didn't clearly show that elderberry helps in other reported ways, including decreasing gingivitis, lowering high cholesterol, and treating obesity. Other common names for Sambucus nigra include black elder, European elder, European elderberry and European black elderberry. One study published in the Journal of Medicinal Food compared the anticancer properties of European and American elderberry fruits. It can be purchased at many health stores or made at home. Larger amounts can cause even more serious poisoning. Doctors prescribe diuretics when the body retains too much fluid, which is a common problem in older adults. You can either buy teabags or purchase dried berries or flowers and make a tea by combining one tablespoon of berries or flowers with eight ounces of water. A 2016 study published in Nutrients showed that elderberry supplementation was able to reduce cold duration and symptoms in air travelers. A small, randomized trial found that a specific compound containing elderberries along with several other plants could act as an effective natural laxative for the treatment of constipation. American elderberry (Sambucuscanadensis) has not been grown or promoted as a medicinal plant like its European relative. Elderberry is a purple fruit of the Sambucus tree. In other words, if you want to fight the flu, don’t forget your flu shot. The berries and flowers of the elder plant are used as medicine. The benefits of elderberry tea include boosting the immune system, cleansing the body, improving vision, speeding up the metabolism, increasing respiratory health, lowering inflammation, protecting against chronic disease, aiding the healing process, stimulating digestion and eliminating chronic pain, among others. The information in our articles is NOT intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. Opinions vary on whether elderberry is helpful, but most doctors believe it’s safe to have in small doses. Aid Digestion. Another study found that elderberry extract may have beneficial effects on high blood pressure. Specifically, the flavonoids in the extract bind to the H1N1 human influenza virus as well as the H5N1 avian influenza virus. There are also recipes for elderberry-based medications dating back to Ancient Egypt. Wondering where to buy elderberry and how to start adding it to your diet? One of the health benefits of elderberry syrup may be an ability to fight harmful viruses (such as a cold or flu virus). Research has confirmed that extracts of elderflower stimulate glucose metabolism and the secretion of insulin, which could potentially help lower blood sugar levels.