In The Divine Comedy, Dante travels first through Hell (the poem Inferno), then through Purgatory (the poem Purgatorio), and finally through Heaven (the poem Paradiso). Beatrice tells Dante that a deliverer will come to right these wrongs committed against the Church, and that he must spread the prophetic word. As the poets travel through the terrace, it is shaken by a mysterious tremor, but Dante does not ask Virgil about it, even though he is curious. As with the last terrace, Dante is shown figures of charity and then envy. Dante and Virgil exit Hell into Purgatory, a place set up on a mountain of seven terraces, one for each type of sinners. Dante announces that he will now take as his topic âthe second kingdom.â This is where âthe soul of man is cleansed,â the mountain of Purgatory. Directed by Boris Acosta. Dante had been fighting on the other side in this battle, and he listens with interest to the story of Buonconteâs ultimate fate, narrowly escaping Hell by his last-minute penitence. She asks that he follow her “more closely” to hear her. Dante falls asleep, and when he wakes up Beatrice tells him to watch what happens next and write about it when he returns to his earthly life. An unnamed lady, the Siren's enemy, appears and calls for Virgil, who obliging appears and rips down the Siren's dress. Dante struggles to take it all in, so Beatrice gets him to enter the river Eunoe. Dante dreams of a âstammeringâ woman who becomes beautiful when she sings; yet when Dante comes closer, a woman and Virgil reveal her rotting stomach and ugly looks. Dante enters the Garden; he follows a woman, who we will learn is named Matelda, through the Garden. To run its course through smoother water. Its seeds blow on the winds to germinate across the world. He also talks to a man called Conrad Malaspina. He watches, filled with joy and love, as she unveils her face and reveals her radiance to him. The mountain is forbiddingly steep. Purgatory is a place built upon hope: the souls are assured of a place in Heaven someday and they understand the error of their ways, so they submit willingly and joyfully to the torments that will cure their souls. Summary As the night wears on, Dante dreams of a hideous old "crone" who transforms into a Siren, then attempts to seduce the poet. Purgatorio is the second of three poems that make up The Divine Comedy by Florentine statesman, poet, and philosopher Dante. Matilda leads him into it, baptises him, and leads him out on the far bank in front of Beatrice. Dante and Virgil watch a ship filled with singing souls arrive in Purgatory. Dante â struck by the harsh words of Guido and Marco about contemporary Italy â asks why this is the case and whether it is because of the will of Heaven. Soon night falls, and Dante and Virgil fall immediately into sleep. Statius and Dante go with Beatrice and Matilda. Virgil points out that the approaching ship is being piloted by an angel with upraised wings. As morning arrives, Dante is taken aback to see that he is the only one with a shadow. Much of the Purgatorio is concerned with the theme of penitence; the name Purgatory itself comes from the term for cleansing ("purgation").Dante works to develop a complex representation of the concept that goes beyond (while still including) the concept of mere punishment. A radiant light shines out, and Dante interrupts his narrative to entreat the Muses for help in describing what follows. After this encounter, Dante discovers that his body is much less weary, and Virgil points out that one of the seven Pâs has been removed from his forehead: he has been cleansed of Pride. Dante ascends the three steps to the entrance of the mountain, each with its own special significance. Thus fortified, Dante is ready to be shown the answers to all the holy mysteries. Their eyes have been sewn shut with metal wire. The sun makes Dante cast a shadow, fascinating the repentants. Dante and Virgil find the narrow entrance to the path up the mountain, and they make the long and tiring ascent. An angel ferries a shipload of souls to the shore near Dante and Virgil. Dante holds onto Virgil and the two of them make their way through the pitch blackness. Dante experiences three visions of gentleness â the Virgin Mary finding young Jesus at the Temple; Pisistratus of Athens refusing his wifeâs wish to kill a man who had kissed their daughter; and St Stephen calmly accepting his fate as the first Christian martyr as he is stoned to death. Marco says it is not: God has given everyone the means to come to Grace, but He has also granted them free will. Dante Summary Part 2: Purgatorio Dante, writing in the early 1300s, understood that the world was a globe. The extraordinary glory and power of the pageant nearly overwhelms Dante. Dante follows her from his own side of the riverbank; she beckons him to be still and watch what is about to happen. The lower three tiers are for those who loved themselves at the expense of their neighbours â Pride, Envy and Wrathfulness. The next terrace is for the gluttonous; their starved souls appear like starved and deformed bodies. As they climb the stairs, Dante asks about the nature of the soul. Summary Dante begins Purgatory by likening his mind to a ship in search of "better waves" after escaping the "gulf" of Hell. He ponders the mystery of the Incarnation. Dante and Virgil are joined on the road by Statius, a Roman poet. Dante dreams of a siren that comes to tempt him, and in the dream Virgil has to reveal its true, horrible nature. Soon, Dante falls asleep. Among them is an old friend of Dante’s, Casella, who sings a song to soothe his weariness. Virgil and Sordello converse. After a final purgatorial address to us, the readers, the cantica concludes with verses that describe Dante … The Divine Comedy Summary. On each terrace, examples are provided by angels of people who escaped the vice and of those who did not and suffered for it; the examples are always paired â one from classical tradition for every one from Christian or Biblical tradition. The ship contains 100 spirits, all singing “ In exitu Israel de Aegypto ” in unison. Dante and Virgil arrive at the mountain’s base. Dante thinks Italy desperately needs the return of an Emperor. "Divine Comedy: Purgatorio Summary". The Emperors are failing to fulfil their obligations to Italy, and the Popes have seized earthly power, with disastrous consequences. Purgatorio Cantos 10-12 Summary & Analysis. Dante simply says that when he feels love, he takes note of his own feelings, and then accurately puts them on the page. One of them is Casella, a friend of Danteâs, and Dante tries to embrace him but cannot because â unlike the souls in Hell â his body is insubstantial. Dante is exhausted, so he and Virgil pause to assess how to proceed. In each case, the torments fit the misdeed. The penitents are singing the Lordâs Prayer as they crawl along, weighed down by boulders that press their faces into the ground. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Divine Comedy: Purgatorio by Dante Alighieri. Divine Comedy: Purgatorio study guide contains a biography of Dante Alighieri, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Dante wants to understand whether intercession works; Virgil assures him that it does, but says he will have to wait for Beatrice to explain it properly. Suddenly, Dante sees a light moving swiftly across the sea, growing brighter as it draws near. Soon they come to a high wall, on which are carved the exemplary figures of humility; soon Dante sees human souls, strangely bent and bearing stones. From the midst of the pageant, Beatrice emerges with her face veiled. He confesses and faints soon after. Matilda drags him through the river Lethe, cleansing him of his memory of sin. Copyright © 1999 - 2020 GradeSaver LLC. The Lustful spirits within the fire cry out examples of chastity. As they keep going, Danteâs shadow continues to fascinate the shades they encounter. Penitence. However, his outward show of paganism meant that he spent a long time on the Terrace of Slothfulness. Danteâs will has been purified, and therefore he is ready to follow his heart without fear of going astray. After the horrors of Hell and the hardships of Purgatory, we finally understand the secrets of the Christian Universe. Virgil tells him that St Lucy appeared while he was sleeping and carried him here. Dante talks with Forese, whose sister Piccarda is already in Heaven and whose brother, the faction leader Corso Donati, will soon be on his way to Hell. It’s now sunrise, and Virgil and Dante walk along the shore. The agony of the fire purges Dante of Lust, and he sets off up the final stairway with Virgil and Statius. The most vivid story is told by Buonconte Montefeltro, son of Guido da Montefeltro (Inferno XXVII): his body was never found after his army was defeated at the Battle of Campaldino in 1289. An imprint of the body at the moment of death creates a shade, which causes the soul to continue to have organs and physical form. Dante looks into the Eternal Light, and sees within it the image of the Holy Trinity. Dante learns the identities of three Italians, and they warn him of the folly of earthly pride in the face of the inevitability of future obscurity. Sordello surprises Virgil by saying that they will need to rest for the night, as it is useless to try to ascend without the light of the sun, which represents God. As they are about to leave the terrace, an earthquake shakes the mountain. They encounter a penitent called Marco, and in conversation Marco alludes to the grim state of the world. On the ground beneath their feet, Virgil and Dante gaze at a series of powerful images of pride being brought low in classical and Biblical tradition. They walk along it, uncertain of where to go. Having left Hell behind, Dante will now speak of Purgatory, the realm where souls cleanse themselves for Heaven. Its heavily allegorical procession symbolises the writers of the Bible, the core Christian values, and the Church itself â the Church Militant, in glorious finery, shown as a chariot drawn by a majestic griffin. Beatrice addresses Dante, the moment which he has been longing for throughout Hell and Purgatory â but she begins with a harsh rebuke. Summary. Purgatorio Summary Purgatorio picks up right where Inferno left off—Dante and Virgil have just emerged from their tour through Hell. (Not going to lie: Dante's trilogy of wacky afterworld adventures is a bit like the Hangover trilogy... the first one is definitely the most surprising and shocking. After Dante has seen the exemplars of wrath, the soon-to-set sun peeks through the smoke, and Dante is shown to the next terrace. Sordelloâs contrast with the ruin of contemporary Italy causes Dante to rant about Italyâs woes, attacking Florence in particular with vicious irony. A structure now emerges that will appear for each canto: Dante enters and has exemplary figures shown to him, first of the virtue opposite the sin of the terrace and then second of the sin of the terrace. This is the terrace of the wrathful, where smoke chokes the penitents. The poem was written in the early 14th century. With Nia Peeples, Jeff Conaway, Eve Mauro, Hélène Cardona. On the far side is a beautiful woman who is picking flowers, like Leah in his dream. Dante dreams that he is carried heavenward by an eagle with golden feathers. (He lost his own belt in Hell â see Inferno XVI). While there is a tree laden with fruit on the terrace, they are unable to eat it. To ascend to the Garden of Eden, Dante must walk through the flame; he resists at first, but reminded of Beatrice by Virgil, he hardens his will and walks through, experiencing pain but unharmed. The Papacy and the Empire are meant to work together to provide spiritual and earthly guidance for the people â but this has got badly out of kilter. Members of the procession mourn what has just happened, but Beatrice confides that soon things will be righted. The Envious, in life consumed by rivalry and malice towards other people, are grouped together wearing sack cloths, and their eyelids are knitted shut. Dante compares Beatrice’s transformed face to Mary ’s, and she speaks to the ladies in Latin, arranges them before her, and calls on Dante. Cato orders that Dante be taken to the sea, washed, and have a reed wrapped around him. Here, Virgil is no longer the guide: he has never been here before, and is now simply a wise travelling companion. Since people tend towards folly, they need to be shepherded to God by the âtwo suns,â the twin powers of the Pope and the Emperor. Beyond the ledge is a void. Having done this on the terrace of the envious, Dante moves towards the entrance to the next terrace; once he has ascended to it, a light blinds him, and Virgil explains that divine love is like a great light thrown into a mirror; unlike earthly possessions, it multiplies the more it is shared, as if passed from mirror to mirror. This underpins the entire order of Purgatoryâs terraces. All the souls on these lower slopes keep begging Dante to remind their living relatives to pray for them, as this intercession will speed their entry into Purgatory. Dante supplicates the guardian of the gate, who carves seven marks in the shape of the letter P on his forehead. By barring one of his cultural and intellectual heroes from eternal bliss, Dante sends a message about the distinction between reason and faith. At the top of the next stairway, on the Fourth Terrace where Slothfulness is purged, they are forced to rest because of nightfall. Dante sees visions of the wrathful brought low. Guido follows this up with an equally emotional rant against Romagna. ...Contrast Dante’s presentation of sins and sinners in Inferno and Purgatorio Dante Alighieri’s (1265-1321) great epic poem, the Divine Comedy (Divina Commedia), written between 1308 and the poet’s death in 1321, has been recognized as one of the most celebrated works in Italian literature and the world literature in general. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Inferno and what it means. GradeSaver, 21 October 2020 Web. Dante, a proud man himself, heeds their warning. Unaided reason, exemplified by Virgil, may lead one to a virtuous life, but for Dante, mere personal virtue is not enough. They chant the Lordâs Prayer, and when they are done, Virgil asks for directions. As the two travellers hurry on, a black smoke appears and envelops them. As he and Virgil wonder how to begin the ascent of the sheer mountain of Purgatory, they spot a group of souls and ask for directions. It is an allegory telling of the climb of Dante up the Mount of Purgatory, guided by the Roman poet Virgil, except for the last four cantos at which point Beatrice takes over as Dante's guide. In Dante’s theology, the Earth is at the centre of the Universe, surrounded by a series of heavenly spheres like the layers of an onion. As if he is a celebrity, the souls crowd Dante, begging that he tell their living relatives to pray for them. Dante the pilgrim enjoys the fresh air, and they watch as Venus rises. John William Waterhouse (c.1914 – c.1917), Continue to the Dante summary Part 3: Paradiso.  To begin our discussion of Purgatorio, we begin by introducing the importance of the theology of Purgatory.As historian Jacques Le Goff notes in his book The Birth of Purgatory (orig. Get the entire Purgatorio LitChart … Canto 10 Summary. 28.93-94). Dante soon encounters the Late-Repentant, who must wait before they enter Purgatory proper; three of them tell Dante their stories, explaining their identities, deaths, and final repentance. Divine Comedy: Purgatorio essays are academic essays for citation. He tells the story of how an apparent prophecy about Christ in Virgilâs Eclogues was what inspired him to investigate Christianity, eventually joining the young religion. '—a finger pointing long—'The one behind! Dante wanders in amazement into the enchanted forest at the top of Mount Purgatory, until he reaches a clear stream that blocks his path. Moving on, Dante and Virgil hear a classical and a Biblical example of the envious brought low. They defend the Valley from the same serpent that was found in Eden, but they only need to flap their wings, and the serpent slithers away in fright. The next terrace is completely bare, and it contains the envious. After the darkness of the infernal realm, the blue skies above Purgatory refresh Dante. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. the small bark of my wit now hoists sail, leaving that cruel sea behind. Eunoe reinforces oneâs good memories, as its twin the river Lethe washes away remembrance of oneâs sins. We begin with an overview of Dante's idea of Purgatory, before working through the text canto by canto, and then considering some of the major themes in the text. Voices in the air quote instances of kindness by Mary as well as a classical and Biblical example. This confusion will continue throughout the poem, as the dead wonder how someone with a body has been able to enter the afterlife. Further along the ledge, they discover a group of indolent souls, who were too slothful in life to be granted access onto the terraces of Purgatory until they have waited an appropriate length of time. Hugh Capet is disgusted by the evils of his descendants, who are enemies of both the Papacy and the Empire. On the top of the mountain was the Garden of Eden, and the second part of Dante’s journey is all about his experiences climbing the mountain. They help each other round the path, learning the concept of universal unity and fellowship. When the two poets come to the shore and follow his directions, the reed they pluck miraculously rejuvenates. In between these revelations, he converses with the penitents and shares stories. In this book, he announces, he will describe "that second realm / where some human spirits purge themselves from stain" in preparation for the eternal joy of Heaven. Read the Study Guide for Divine Comedy: Purgatorio…, Distraction and the Afterlife in Dante's Divine Comedy, Dante: Love and Goodness as Guidance to Self-improvement, View our essays for Divine Comedy: Purgatorio…, View Wikipedia Entries for Divine Comedy: Purgatorio…. The last canti of Purgatorio, canti 28-33, take place in the garden of Eden, aka the earthly paradise.This is the place on earth that retains prelapsarian perfection, the “place chosen as the nest for human nature” (Purg. Thinking about the Envious, Dante asks Virgil about love, grace and deliverance. Virgil explains some of the workings of love, and how it leads to all virtues and all sins. Cooper, James ed. Because he was excommunicated at the time, he is one of the Contumacious (rebellious), who must wait thirty years for every year they spent outside the Church before they can begin their own ascent. Shaken, Dante wakes up and goes with Virgil up past another angel to the Fifth Terrace, where Avarice is purged. The next group is made up of those who only repented at the last minute, and therefore â like the excommunicate and the lethargic â are not yet permitted to enter Purgatory. A Pope, Adrian V, speaks to Dante. Among them is Casella, a friend of Danteâs, who sings for everyone. Here the penitents lie face-down, prostrate and weeping. There, on the terrace of the avaricious, he meets Pope Adrian V. With the other penitents, he is âlying face down on the ground and weeping.â Dante moves forward after a quick conversation; soon he meets Hugh Capet, a king of France. Evening is falling, and two guardian angels arrive to protect the valley from snakes which emerge at night. A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis of major themes, characters, quotes, and essay topics. Night falls and, unable to go further, they sleep on the steps. His nerve failing, Dante looks to Virgil for support, but Virgil is gone. After a long and difficult climb, they arrive at a ledge. Divine Comedy: Purgatorio Summary The Purgatorio begins just as Dante and Virgil, the famous Latin poet who serves as Dante's guide, have escaped Hell. Then another dazzling angel sends him and Virgil up the next stairway, removing a third P from Danteâs forehead. / And doesn't he behave as though alive?'" Now he must ascend the mountain of Purgatorio armed with his new understanding of what is at stake. They reach the Third Terrace, for the Wrathful. Dante dreams of being carried by an eagle and discovers, when he wakes up, that he has been carried by Saint Lucy to the gate of Purgatory. One of the souls is particularly helpful: he is Manfred, an enemy of the Church who managed to repent of his sins just before death. They pause on a ledge to discuss how their perspective on the heavens is changed by being in the southern hemisphere. Soon Statius, a Latin poet who has just finished his penitence, joins the other two poets; an earthquake occurs each time a soul is ready to leave. In Purgatorio there is more time to think about political problems like this, and political and religious discussions become more common â especially now Dante has seen what is at stake for people who go astray from God. On the Second Terrace, Envy is purged. Dante and Casella are joyfully reunited, and Virgil, Dante and the souls listen to a beautiful song sung by Casella â until Cato rebukes them for dawdling and they all hurry towards the mountain of Purgatory. The chariot is suddenly attacked by a number of strange creatures; suddenly a giant and a âharlotâ commandeer it, taking it even deeper into the Garden. Watson, Robert. At last, he enters. She orders Matelda to have Dante drink from the EunoÃ«, another river in the Garden. Not affiliated with Harvard College. Before they offer them, the penitents tell their stories to Dante. Dante announces that he will now take as his topic “the second kingdom.” This is where “the soul of man is cleansed,” the mountain of Purgatory. His confession means he is ready to step into the river, Lethe, which washes away memory of earlier sin. They reach the path up from the Terrace of Pride, and an angel lets them pass, brushing its wings against Danteâs face. 28.77-78), the place given to Adam and Eve as a “mortgage on their eternal home [paradise] until they defaulted on the loan” (Purg. This is as much as Virgilâs reason can tell Dante; the rest concerns faith and grace, so Dante must wait for Beatrice. On it is Beatrice; when she descends, she castigates him and forces him to confess his sins. The sheer cliff beside the terrace is decorated with remarkable marble carvings providing examples of humility: the Virgin Mary at the moment of the Annunciation, King David from the Hebrew tradition and Emperor Trajan from the classical tradition. When Virgil and Dante enter the main part of Purgatory, they must climb by a spiralling path up the seven terraces where souls are purged to be ready for Paradise. The travellers reach the far end of the black smoke, and Marco turns back. When Statius learns that Virgil is Virgil, he is overjoyed; Virgilâs Aeneid, he says, was his âmammaâ and ânurse.â The three continue to move upwards. Now awake and reinvigorated, Dante climbs to the next terrace. Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Plot Summary of “The Divine Comedy” by Dante Alighieri. The Gluttons speed ahead, and Dante, Virgil and Statius pass a second tree, where a voice cites examples of people undone by gluttony. Virgil explains that the more divine love is shared, the more it multiplies â a principle underpinning everything Dante will learn in Paradise. Now within the walls of Purgatory, Dante and Virgil navigate a narrow and difficult path. Cato castigates the group for being so easily distracted, and they scatter.
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